NAME telnet - user interface to a remote system using the TELNET protocol SYNOPSIS telnet [ host [ port ] ] AVAILABILITY This command is available with the Networking software installation option. Refer to Installing SunOS 4.1 for information on how to install optional software. DESCRIPTION telnet communicates with another host using the TELNET pro- tocol. If telnet is invoked without arguments, it enters command mode, indicated by its prompt (telnet>). In this mode, it accepts and executes the commands listed below. If it is invoked with arguments, it performs an open command (see below) with those arguments. Once a connection has been opened, telnet enters input mode. In this mode, text typed is sent to the remote host. The input mode entered will be either "character at a time" or "line by line" depending on what the remote system supports. In "character at a time" mode, most text typed is immedi- ately sent to the remote host for processing. In "line by line" mode, all text is echoed locally, and (normally) only completed lines are sent to the remote host. The "local echo character" (initially `^E') may be used to turn off and on the local echo (this would mostly be used to enter passwords without the password being echoed). In either mode, if the localchars toggle is TRUE (the default in line mode; see below), the user's quit, intr, and flush characters are trapped locally, and sent as TELNET protocol sequences to the remote side. There are options (see toggle autoflush and toggle autosynch below) which cause this action to flush subsequent output to the terminal (until the remote host acknowledges the TELNET sequence) and flush previous terminal input (in the case of quit and intr). While connected to a remote host, telnet command mode may be entered by typing the telnet "escape character" (initially `^]', (control-right-bracket)). When in command mode, the normal terminal editing conventions are available. USAGE Telnet Commands The following commands are available. Only enough of each command to uniquely identify it need be typed (this is also true for arguments to the mode, set, toggle, and display commands). open host [ port ] Open a connection to the named host. If no port number is specified, telnet will attempt to contact a TELNET server at the default port. The host specification may be either a host name (see hosts(5)) or an Internet address specified in the "dot notation" (see inet(3N)). close Close a TELNET session and return to command mode. quit Close any open TELNET session and exit telnet. An EOF (in command mode) will also close a session and exit. z Suspend telnet. This command only works when the user is using a shell that supports job control, such as csh(1). mode type type is either line (for "line by line" mode) or char- acter (for "character at a time" mode). The remote host is asked for permission to go into the requested mode. If the remote host is capable of entering that mode, the requested mode will be entered. status Show the current status of telnet. This includes the peer one is connected to, as well as the current mode. display [ argument... ] Display all, or some, of the set and toggle values (see below). ? [ command ] Get help. With no arguments, telnet prints a help sum- mary. If a command is specified, telnet will print the help information for just that command. send arguments Send one or more special character sequences to the remote host. The following are the arguments which may be specified (more than one argument may be specified at a time): escape Send the current telnet escape character (ini- tially `^]'). synch Send the TELNET SYNCH sequence. This sequence causes the remote system to discard all previously typed (but not yet read) input. This sequence is sent as TCP urgent data (and may not work if the remote system is a 4.2 BSD system -- if it does not work, a lower case "r" may be echoed on the terminal). brk Send the TELNET BRK (Break) sequence, which may have significance to the remote system. ip Send the TELNET IP (Interrupt Process) sequence, which should cause the remote system to abort the currently running process. ao Sends the TELNET AO (Abort Output) sequence, which should cause the remote system to flush all output from the remote system to the user's terminal. ayt Sends the TELNET AYT (Are You There) sequence, to which the remote system may or may not choose to respond. ec Sends the TELNET EC (Erase Character) sequence, which should cause the remote system to erase the last character entered. el Sends the TELNET EL (Erase Line) sequence, which should cause the remote system to erase the line currently being entered. ga Sends the TELNET GA (Go Ahead) sequence, which likely has no significance to the remote system. nop Sends the TELNET NOP (No Operation) sequence. ? Prints out help information for the send command. set argument value Set any one of a number of telnet variables to a specific value. The special value "off" turns off the function associated with the variable. The values of variables may be interrogated with the display command. The variables which may be specified are: echo This is the value (initially `^E') which, when in "line by line" mode, toggles between doing local echoing of entered characters (for normal process- ing), and suppressing echoing of entered charac- ters (for entering, say, a password). escape This is the telnet escape character (initially `^[') which causes entry into telnet command mode (when connected to a remote system). interrupt If telnet is in localchars mode (see toggle local- chars below) and the interrupt character is typed, a TELNET IP sequence (see send ip above) is sent to the remote host. The initial value for the interrupt character is taken to be the terminal's intr character. quit If telnet is in localchars mode (see toggle local- chars below) and the quit character is typed, a TELNET BRK sequence (see send brk above) is sent to the remote host. The initial value for the quit character is taken to be the terminal's quit character. flushoutput If telnet is in localchars mode (see toggle local- chars below) and the flushoutput character is typed, a TELNET AO sequence (see send ao above) is sent to the remote host. The initial value for the flush character is taken to be the terminal's flush character. erase If telnet is in localchars mode (see toggle local- chars below), and if telnet is operating in "char- acter at a time" mode, then when this character is typed, a TELNET EC sequence (see send ec above) is sent to the remote system. The initial value for the erase character is taken to be the terminal's erase character. kill If telnet is in localchars mode (see toggle local- chars below), and if telnet is operating in "char- acter at a time" mode, then when this character is typed, a TELNET EL sequence (see send el above) is sent to the remote system. The initial value for the kill character is taken to be the terminal's kill character. eof If telnet is operating in "line by line" mode, entering this character as the first character on a line will cause this character to be sent to the remote system. The initial value of the eof char- acter is taken to be the terminal's eof character. toggle arguments... Toggle (between TRUE and FALSE) various flags that con- trol how telnet responds to events. More than one argument may be specified. The state of these flags may be interrogated with the display command. Valid arguments are: localchars If this is TRUE, then the flush, interrupt, quit, erase, and kill characters (see set above) are recognized locally, and transformed into (hope- fully) appropriate TELNET control sequences (respectively ao, ip, brk, ec, and el; see send above). The initial value for this toggle is TRUE in "line by line" mode, and FALSE in "character at a time" mode. autoflush If autoflush and localchars are both TRUE, then when the ao, intr, or quit characters are recog- nized (and transformed into TELNET sequences; see set above for details), telnet refuses to display any data on the user's terminal until the remote system acknowledges (via a TELNET Timing Mark option) that it has processed those TELNET sequences. The initial value for this toggle is TRUE if the terminal user had not done an "stty noflsh", otherwise FALSE (see stty(1V)). autosynch If autosynch and localchars are both TRUE, then when either the intr or quit characters is typed (see set above for descriptions of the intr and quit characters), the resulting TELNET sequence sent is followed by the TELNET SYNCH sequence. This procedure should cause the remote system to begin throwing away all previously typed input until both of the TELNET sequences have been read and acted upon. The initial value of this toggle is FALSE. crmod Toggle RETURN mode. When this mode is enabled, most RETURN characters received from the remote host will be mapped into a RETURN followed by a LINEFEED. This mode does not affect those charac- ters typed by the user, only those received from the remote host. This mode is not very useful unless the remote host only sends RETURN, but never LINEFEED. The initial value for this toggle is FALSE. debug Toggle socket level debugging (useful only to the super-user). The initial value for this toggle is FALSE. options Toggle the display of some internal telnet proto- col processing (having to do with TELNET options). The initial value for this toggle is FALSE. netdata Toggle the display of all network data (in hexade- cimal format). The initial value for this toggle is FALSE. ? Display the legal toggle commands. SEE ALSO csh(1), rlogin(1C), stty(1V) inet(3N), hosts(5) BUGS There is no adequate way for dealing with flow control. On some remote systems, echo has to be turned off manually when in "line by line" mode. There is enough settable state to justify a .telnetrc file. No capability for a .telnetrc file is provided. In "line by line" mode, the terminal's EOF character is only recognized (and sent to the remote system) when it is the first character on a line.