NAME w - who is logged in, and what are they doing SYNOPSIS w [ -hls ] [ user ] DESCRIPTION w displays a summary of the current activity on the system, including what each user is doing. The heading line shows the current time of day, how long the system has been up, the number of users logged into the system, and the load averages. The load average numbers give the number of jobs in the run queue averaged over 1, 5 and 15 minutes. The fields displayed are: the users login name, the name of the tty the user is on, the time of day the user logged on (in hours:minutes), the idle time - that is, the number of minutes since the user last typed anything (in hours:minutes), the CPU time used by all processes and their children on that terminal (in minutes:seconds), the CPU time used by the currently active processes (in minutes:seconds), the name and arguments of the current process. If a user name is included, output is restricted to that user. OPTIONS -h Suppress the heading. -l Produce a long form of output, which is the default. -s Produce a short form of output. In the short form, the tty is abbreviated, the login time and CPU times are left off, as are the arguments to commands. EXAMPLE example% w 7:36am up 6 days, 16:45, 1 users, load average: 0.20, 0.23, 0.18 User tty login@ idle JCPU PCPU what ralph console 7:10am 1 10:05 4:31 w example% ENVIRONMENT The environment variables LC_CTYPE, LANG, and LC_default control the character classification throughout w. On entry to w, these environment variables are checked in the follow- ing order: LC_CTYPE, LANG, and LC_default. When a valid value is found, remaining environment variables for charac- ter classification are ignored. For example, a new setting for LANG does not override the current valid character clas- sification rules of LC_CTYPE. When none of the values is valid, the shell character classification defaults to the POSIX.1 "C" locale. FILES /etc/utmp /dev/kmem /dev/drum SEE ALSO ps(1), who(1), utmp(5V) BUGS The notion of the "current process" is muddy. The current algorithm is `the highest numbered process on the terminal that is not ignoring interrupts, or, if there is none, the highest numbered process on the terminal'. This fails, for example, in critical sections of programs like the shell and editor, or when faulty programs running in the background fork and fail to ignore interrupts. In cases where no pro- cess can be found, w prints `-'. The CPU time is only an estimate, in particular, if someone leaves a background process running after logging out, the person currently on that terminal is "charged" with the time. Background processes are not shown, even though they account for much of the load on the system. Sometimes processes, typically those in the background, are printed with null or garbaged arguments. In these cases, the name of the command is printed in parentheses. w does not know about the new conventions for detecting background jobs. It will sometimes find a background job instead of the right one.